Mercy O. Warren

political writer
Sept. 14, 1728
Oct. 19, 1814

What makes her a heroine?

A descendant of Mayflower Puritans, Mercy was not always so outspoken about politics. Her passion for education, her family, and later her husband's political affiliations were the foundation for her to speak her mind.

Indeed, the Warren's home was one of the many meeting places where early Revolutionaries met to discuss the politics, logistics, and strategies of the rebellion. Mercy ignored the convention of a woman who quietly tended to guests and was very active in the conversations herself. John Adams in particular was impressed with her education and capability to express political views poignantly. He encouraged her to use that talent for the cause.

Mercy began composing and publishing satires anonymously in the years leading up to the war. Her earliest target was Thomas Hutchinson, a proud Loyalist and governor of Massachusetts. He supported the British Empire in very unpopular ways (e.g. Parliamentary tax laws specific to Colonial America). Mercy's writings were obvious attacks at not only Hutchinson specifically, but the morals of the British Empire and Loyalists themselves.

While Mercy was churning the pot with her writings, her friend John Adams was openly battling the British Empire politically using their own legal system. The two encouraged each other even throughout the American Revolutionary War.

In 1788 she published a piece against The Constitution. As an out-spoken Anti-Federalist, she believed the public should have more control over the government, fearing that the President may eventually evolve into a monarchy. John Adams' political ambitions and compromises were beginning to conflict with Mercy's own beliefs. But though they disagreed on many issues, they still communicated even if infrequently for a time. She went on to write a three-volume first-hand account of the American Revolution, the first history of the Revolution authored by a woman and only the second title attributed to her actual name.

Mercy's education, talent, and "brazen" inability to hold her tongue during political debate, even in spite of her own social view on feminine modesty, were arguably one of the biggest sparks that started the fire of American independence.

Did you know?

Mercy believed John Adams had been corrupted by his ties to diplomatic ties to Europe's high society (with whom he pushed American interests) and in her book, thirty years after Adams had encouraged her to write about her views, she criticized him greatly. Their friendship ended until only a few years before her death.

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Foremost, I will avenge my country, Second, I will restore the Hung lineage, Third, I will avenge the death of my husband, Lastly, I vow that these goals will be accomplished.
Trung Trac
is Real Heroines

"Real Heroines" is an ongoing project by 200 Billion Galaxies that compiles notable women from the past who cultivated their minds and overcame adversity by defying social conventions. Through this site we hope to inspire female empowerment within men, women, boys and girls, from the action of their predecessors, so we can all move beyond gender stereotypes and grow as people.

this is important

In our modern culture a heroine is considered to be a mythical goddess, flawless celebrity or animated princess. Commonly worshipped by her outward appearance, social status, and lady-like qualities. She becomes a fictional role model with unattainable qualities, and fuels gender stereotypes that misrepresent and harm. Teaching us that a girl's and women's self-worth is determined by their physical appearance, popularity, or material wealth.

Female objectification has also become ingrained in our society and even distorted as a form of empowerment. Over-exposure of such negative imagery and comments causes further harassment from both genders on the treatment of girls and women, commonly blocking their ability to navigate through the chaos and reach their true potential.

That is why we must redefine our understanding of a "heroine". View her as an individual who cultivates her mind. An individual that finds inner strength to overcome adversity and defy social conventions. An individual that is a real person — a real heroine.

Let's change the portrait of a heroine, and encourage a future of strong innovative thinkers and leaders!


Moni Yael Garcia

Designer & Illustrator

Passionate about women's rights and the education for all. Associates smells with colors and tastes with places. Describes her designs best through sound effects.


Oliver Wilkerson


Believes technical-based classes should be taught in schools. Makes obscure Star Trek: TNG and Jurassic Park references. Solves code conumdrums through his dreams.